What's going on with Iran and the internet?

Activists in Iran have expressed concern over widespread internet outages and the inability of residents to access social media.

Internet monitoring group NetBlocks said Instagram and WhatsApp, two of the main communication tools Iran normally allows, were restricted.

WhatsApp said it was working to keep Iranian users connected.

Telegram, YouTube and TikTok have also periodically been closed down.

Others reported that they were unable to access their WhatsApp account even when trying to use VPNs and proxies.

So what is really going on?

Miss Amini's death has unleashed anger over issues including personal freedoms and economic challenges in Iran.

Most protests and campaigns are organized by people through social media, and the lack of connectivity makes mobilization much more difficult.